Demilitarization and disposal are final steps in the life-cycle management of materiel.
According to DoDM 4160.28-M-V1, June 7, 2011, demilitarization of ammunition is defined as
“The act of eliminating the functional capabilities and/or inherent military design features
from DoD personal property…DEMIL is required to prevent property from being used for its originally
intended purpose and to prevent the release of inherent design information that could be used against
the United States…”
The Army’s ammunition mission, to include demilitarization, is coordinated through an enterprise
management effort. This enterprise, the Joint Munitions and Lethality Life Cycle Management Command,
is comprised of the Joint Program Executive Office Armaments & Ammunition (JPEO Armaments &
Ammunition); Armament Research, Development Center; and, the Joint Munitions Command. The Department
of the Army has designated JPEO Armaments & Ammunition as the
Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition Executor and the JMC as the SMCA Field Operating Activity,
which gives them Life Cycle Management responsibilities for Joint Service conventional ammunition. In
addition, the JM&L coordinates with the Aviation and Missile Command for demilitarization of missiles.
JPEO Armaments & Ammunition plans, directs, and manages the conventional demil program, while Joint Munitions
Command manages and operationalizes the conventional ammunition stockpile by planning and executing
demil projects at its organic and commercial sites. The JMC organic sites consist of 14 Army depots
and ammunition plants, spread across the United States.