Minority College Relations Program - Minority Institutions
Historically Black Colleges and Universities : A National Resource
HBCUs are a source of accomplishment and great pride for the African-American community as well as the entire
nation. The Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, defines an HBCU as: "...any historically black college or
university that was established prior to 1964, whose principal mission was, and is, the education of black
Americans, and that is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association determined by the
Secretary (of Education) to be a reliable authority as to the quality of training offered or is, according to such
an agency or association, making reasonable progress toward accreditation." HBCUs offer all students, regardless
of race, an opportunity to develop their skills and talents. These institutions train young people who go on to
serve domestically and internationally in the professions as entrepreneurs and in the public and private sectors.
Tribal Colleges : Integral and Essential
There is a unique relationship between the United States and Indian tribes, and a special relationship between
the United States and Alaska Native entities. It is the policy of the Federal Government that this Nation's
commitment to educational excellence and opportunity must extend as well to the tribal colleges and universities
(tribal colleges) that serve Indian tribes and Alaska Native entities. The President's Board of Advisors on Tribal
Colleges and Universities (the "Board") and the White House Initiative on Tribal Colleges and Universities
established by this order shall ensure that this national policy regarding tribal colleges is carried out with
direct accountability at the highest levels of the Federal Government.
Tribal colleges are both integral and essential to their communities. Often they are the only postsecondary
institutions within some of our Nation's poorest rural areas. They fulfill a vital role: in maintaining and
preserving irreplaceable languages and cultural traditions; in offering a high-quality college education to
younger students; and in providing job training and other career-building programs to adults and senior citizens.
Tribal colleges provide crucial services in communities that continue to suffer high rates of unemployment and the
resulting social and economic distress.
Hispanic Serving Institutions : Sources of Strength
Hispanic-Serving Institutions are key members of our higher education system and vital sources of strength for
our Nation’s students. They play an important role in attracting underrepresented Americans to science,
technology, engineering, and math --fields that will be pivotal in the 21st-century economy. HSIs are committed
to improving the lives of their students as well as helping revitalize the communities where they serve.
Graduates of these institutions are helping expand our economy and enriching all aspects of our national life.